Wireless Safety by CENGAGE / EC-Council Press - Plagiarism

Mon 12 Apr 2021 09:17:42 PM EDT

[Note: This was researched and started in 2012 but not published until 2021]

Per the book, "Wireless Safety" maps to ECC's Wireless|5 Certification. Jean McKay, president of PuttyCove, Inc., served as the subject matter expert reviewer for this book. This book is co-branded as CENGAGE Course technology.

The Plagiarism

The following table details the portions of the book that were taken from other sources, making up a considerable amount of the material. Information is included to distinguish not only plagiarized material, but also what was done in an attempt to obscure the original source (e.g., removing text or credit). This shows willful infringement of copyright and inexcusable plagiarism. In some cases, the 'author' and the editors missed obvious places that should have made it clear the material was not theirs.

Note: Page numbers in this book are in the format #-#, so e.g. 1-7 represents Chapter 1, page 7, and 5-7 represents Chapter 5, page 7.

Pages / total Description Original Source
1-2 History of Wireless Communication Most of the first paragraph is taken from chapter 18 page 601 of "Circuit Analysis with Devices: Theory and Practice" by Allan Robbins, Wilhelm C. Miller, and Wilhelm Miller. The bulleted history of wireless is near verbatim with small additions toward the end taken from "History of Wireless Communication" possibly, but that seems to take from a 2001 class material document by Leslie Opp-Beckman.
1-4 Multiple Access Points Taken with some rewording from Badass' Site. A breakout example is in the table below.
1-10 2G (Second Generation) Portions verbatim and other portions paraphrased from the 2G Wireless Wikipedia page.
1-10 - 1-11 3G (Third Generation) Portions verbatim and other portions paraphrased from the Silicon Press Third Generation (3G) Wireless Technology Brief page.
2-2 Introduction to Wireless Signal Propagation First two sentences and last sentence taken from the Wireless Wikipedia page.
2-4 Infrared Light Portions verbatim and other portions paraphrased from the Infrared Wikipedia page.
2-5 Filter Possibly taken from the Electronic Filter Wikipedia page.
2-6 Amplifiers Portions verbatim and other portions paraphrased from the Amplifier PESwiki page.
2-8 - 2-9 Modulation, Analog Modulation Paraphrased from "Data and computer communications: networking and internetworking" By Gurdeep S. Hura by Mukesh Singhal. Enough verbatim clips and in the same order.
4-14 - 4-21 Chapter 4 13 screenshots of Microsoft Windows, yet the EC-Council standard copyright message under each one.
5-8 EDGE Specifications taken verbatim from Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE).
5-17 IDEN Footnotes the second paragraph as the Motorola IDEN Solution page, but doesn't have any text from the first two paragraphs. Instead, it is all verbatim from the Nova Stars Electronics iDEN page which in turn is likely from Sprint Users iDEN page since it even has the original Motorola marketing wording like "Motorola's iDEN solution truly simplifies your life by streamlining all of your communications tools."
6-3 TKIP Features Most of material is verbatim from a University of South Carolina PowerPoint slide deck, now 404. URL in HTML comments.
7-10 Air2Net Bluetooth PC Card Specification list is taken verbatim from WirelessGalaxy's Air2Net Bluetooth PC Card page. Very minor changes like changing "faultless" to "seamless" and "a laptop" to "your laptop" were done to try to disguise it.
7-10 Bluetooth Combo Print Adapter Almost verbatim from a Buy.com page at the time (now 404), with one sentence re-arranged. All specifications taken verbatim. URL in HTML comments.
7-10 - 7-11 Wireless Media Gateway: WMG80 Taken almost verbatim from the CDW ViewSonic WMG80 80GB Wireless Media Gateway product page.
7-11 - 7-12 Wireless Presentation Gateway: D-Link DPG-2000W Almost verbatim from the Amazon D-Link DPG 200W page, changing a few words like ""seamless" to "faultless" and "virtually" to "almost".
7-12 Hotspot Gateway Almost verbatim with some re-arranging from the SpeedGuide SMC SMCWHSG14-G Hotspot Gateway page, but the book doesn't include the vendor or model this time.

The following table shows a single paragraph from the CENGAGE / ECC book and how it compares to the original source it was plagiarized from.

Cengage Book (2010) Badass' Wireless Page (2004)
If a single access point fails to cover a large area, then multiple access points can be used. Although an extension point has been developed by some manufacturers, it is not defined in the wireless standard (IEEE 802.11). When deploying multiple access points it is necessary to note that each wireless access point area should overlap its neighbors, thus providing users with seamless mobility. Extension points, which act as wireless relays, can be used to extend the range of a single access point. Multiple extension points can be used to give distant locations wireless access to the central access point. Q. Can I have more than one access point?


If a single area is too large to be covered by a single access point, then multiple access points or extension points can be used. -- Note that an "extension point" is not defined in the wireless standard, but have been developed by some manufacturers. When using multiple access points, each access point wireless area should overlap its neighbours. This provides a seamless area for users to move around in using a feature called "roaming".

Some manufacturers produce extension points, which act as wireless relays, extending the range of a single access point. Multiple extension points can be strung together to provide wireless access to far away locations from the central access point.

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